By Thomas Berry
Creator: Galion Iron Works - Galion Manufacturing Company (1907-1999)
Extent: 0.1 Linear Feet
Arrangement: Group 1, Machinery Records, is arranged by record format, record type, subseries, machine class, machine model, and publication date (where known).
This collection consists of sales and service literature and photographic and audio-visual media discussing the company’s products, and business records discussing its operations.
Galion Iron Works was founded in Galion, Ohio, in 1907 by David Charles Boyd. Its initial product line was culvert pipe, which was first produced by the company on July 8 of that year. The firm was reorganized as Galion Iron Works & Manufacturing Company in 1923. The Jeffrey Manufacturing Company (Collection 439) acquired it in 1929, and it continued operating under the 1923 name until 1973, when it was renamed Galion Manufacturing Company. Literature published from December 1968 through February 1974 identifies the firm as a Division of Jeffrey Galion Inc.
Dresser Industries (Collection 375) acquired Jeffrey in 1974, and Galion became the Galion Manufacturing Division of Dresser Industries. Dresser acquired the Brazilian licensee of Huber-Warco (Collection 425) and made it part of the Galion grader operations under the name HWB Dresser. Literature published in Jun 1984 uses the Galion-Dresser name, although the Galion name was used on the products.
Dresser entered a 50/50 joint venture with Komatsu Limited (Collection 447) in September, 1988, for the engineering, manufacture and marketing of construction and mining equipment in North America. The venture was called Komatsu Dresser Company (Collection 448). The date for the venture’s creation has been reported as being 1985.
Dresser sold its construction-related divisions to Indresco, Inc. (Collection 2216) in August, 1992, and the Galion line became the Galion Division, Komatsu-Dresser Company effective July 1993. Komatsu purchased an additional 31% of the venture from Indresco in September, 1993, then acquired the remaining 19% interest in September, 1994. In 1996 Komatsu Dresser was renamed Komatsu America International Company. The former Galion graders were again marketed under the Galion name from circa 1992 until closure of the Galion plant Mar 31, 1999.
Galion used the following trade names for its products:
• Grade-O-Matic – power train for motor graders.
• Roll-O-Matic – power train for static rollers.
• Roll-O-Static – power train for static rollers.
Galion was somewhat vague in its use of model designations for static rollers until the S-series tandem roller and P-series pneumatic roller designations came into use.
Three-wheel rollers were identified as “Chief” and “Warrior” in the 1950s and early to mid 1960s, but only by weight before and after; there were different weights for the Chief and Warrior series as well. This finding aid uses the weight designation, unless a specific model number is cited on the cover of the literature.
Like the three-wheel rollers, tandem rollers were identified primarily by weight in sales literature prior to the introduction of formal model numbers, although used equipment sales literature frequently mentioned specific model numbers for machines built from the late 1940s through the mid to late 1960s. Static tandem rollers built in the late 1940s and early 1950s were occasionally identified in such literature as model “R”. Machines built in the early 1950s through late 1960s, as cited in used equipment sales records, typically used the following format:
First letter – T for tandem roller.
Second letter – propulsion system. Not always used.
C – chain.
H – hydrostatic.
Numeral(s) – weight.
Last letter – engine type.
D – diesel.
G – gas.
As with the three-wheeled rollers, tandem rollers prior to the S-series are identified by weight in this guide.
Pneumatic roller designations were equally confusing; Galion literature typically identified the pneumatic roller only as “9 wheel 12 ton Pneumatic Roller.” One manual identifies the roller in this fashion on the cover, yet gives model designation “9P2G” in the serial number identification section of the manual.
Paint and lettering:
In the years just prior to the Dresser takeover, Galion products were lettered with upper-case block “GALION” lettering, with a white background and a thin black border. When the Galion name was restored by Komatsu-Dresser c. 1992, the same lettering style was reintroduced, albeit in a slightly italicized format, with the letters leaning slightly to the right.
Publication numbering and dating:
The letter suffix used with publication numbers is a serial indicating revisions. For instance, 539A replaced 539, and was in turn replaced by 539B. This series was continued by Dresser at least until Sep 1986.
Publication numbers including a five-letter alpha prefix are from the years of Komatsu-Dresser ownership.
Most Galion publications bear a publication date.
Galion published its own literature and manuals in-house. It should be noted that most Galion manuals and parts books were punched for three-ring binders and bound with screws. This format was used on all manuals and parts books in this collection, except as noted otherwise, and was continued by Dresser in certain cases.
Access Restrictions: There are no restrictions on this collection.
Physical Access Note: Many records in Group 1 Series 1 Subseries 1 are in poor physical condition.
This is an artificial collection comprised of records from multiple accessions. The majority of these records were solicited and received by Christopher Metzger from the former Galion Iron Works plant in Galion, Ohio during the 1990s. Mr. Metzger provided considerable additional information for this guide.
Additional records have been added from:
• Judd Griffith Collection, Accession 2000-0113 (received Sep 22 2000).
• Donald W. Frantz Collection, Accession 2005-0150 (received Dec 31, 2005). Filed with his collection per his request.
PROCESSING NOTES FOR SLIDES TRANSFERRED FROM CAROUSELS TO STABLE PAGES, JUNE 2005
Slides for the various profilers (planers) were found freely intermingled in several carousels and, often, loose in boxes. The carousels and boxes were labeled as follows:
• Planer Program
• Road Planer Sales Presentation Tray 1 12-17-1983
• Road Planer Sales Presentation Tray 2
After examination, they were organized as follows:
• An incomplete presentation, Road Planer Sales Presentation Tray 1 12-17-1983, numbered 1 through 80 and filed in original order from the carousel. Additional slides were added to vacant spots from the carousel where numbering, subject and handwriting used for numbering made for logical matches.
• An incomplete presentation, numbered with a 2- prefix and sleeved by number. Many of these slides were in the Road Planer Sales Presentation Tray 2 carousel by number.
• An incomplete presentation, numbered with a 3- prefix and sleeved by number.
• An incomplete presentation, numbered 9A through 80A, found mostly in the RP30 slides and sleeved by number.
• An incomplete presentation, numbered 46 through 52, evidently a different presentation from above, found in the RP30 slides.
• An incomplete presentation, numbered 1 through 20, 72 and 74, sleeved by number, found in the RP60 slides.
• Slides apparently from a common roll of Instamatic slides, dated May 1979, sleeved by frame number, found in the RP60 slides.
• Slides of competitive products.
• Miscellaneous unidentifiable slides.
A number of slides were numbered for multiple presentations. These were assigned arbitrarily into any presentation for which they were numbered, and need to be cross-referenced when cataloged.
The VOS66A Competition slides include slides of the following machines:
• Bomag 170 series
• Dynapac CA15 series
• Hyster C600 series
• Ingersoll-Rand SP48 series
• Raygo 300 series
• Tampo 16 series
The Winning Combination, (A500, A550, A600): The last page includes a number of slides that either duplicate slides confirmed as correct by the script, are misnumbered or are unnumbered.
Compaction Overview: Carousel contained assorted slides of rollers, graders, planers and miscellaneous subjects including facilities and personnel. Roller and miscellaneous subjects were paged as such. Grader and planer slides were paged with those subjects.
3-5 and 5-8 Ton Rollers: Slides were found filed in no discernible order in a carousel. Some were stamped with numbers for the presentation, the rest were unnumbered.
Static Roller Masters: Presentation appears to be from the Galion Division of Dresser era. Equipment shown is lettered Galion, logos at start and end are Dresser.
Railroad Cranes: Includes slides of other products and of Galion facilities, evidently for presentation of the overall company. Slides are not numbered for the presentation; three grader and planer slides appear in the middle of the presentation. Slides are sleeved in original order from the carousel.
“S3-5B, S4-6B trans & hyd system O & T” is an abbreviation for “Operating and Troubleshooting of the Transmission and Main Hydraulic System Used on Galion S3-5B and S4-6B Tandem Rollers.”
CET8001 Customer Crane Maintenance: The second of the two carousels is missing. The box for the first carousel was also marked CET5604; evidently, the program was renumbered to CET8001. The box included the carousel, photocopied curriculum, and instructor’s guide. The carousel was marked “Bad tray.” The slide numbers in the index do not correspond with the numbers on the slides themselves or the curriculum; the index shows a “black slide” as 001, and everything else is off by one until the fourth page; the discrepancy corrects itself somewhere on that page due to either an error in the index or the omission of a slide (the slide numbers are continuous with no skips). The curriculum omits the first 23 slides altogether; the first slide shown (top of page P1, section A) is slide number 24 in the presentation. Some other slides, such as No. 62, are also omitted from the curriculum. The last slide in the carousel on file is at the bottom of page P21 in the curriculum.
“VOS2-66A Transmission and Vibration O & T” is short for “Operation and Troubleshooting of the Transmission and Final Drive System Used on VOS 66A Series Rollers,” Service Training Module No. 2 Revision 2 – 01/1982, and “Operation and Troubleshooting of the Drum Vibration System Used on VOS 66A Series Rollers,” Service Training Module No. 3 Revision 2 – 01/1982, combined into a single presentation with separate scripts.
“VOS2-66A drum vibrator system O & T” is short for “Operation and Troubleshooting of the Drum Vibrator System Used on VOS2-66A Series Galion Rollers,” Service Training Module No. 7, 07/1981.
“VOS2-66A Transmission O & T” is short for “Operation and Troubleshooting of the Transmission System Used on VOS2-66A Rollers,” Service Program No. 8, 09/1981.
The following presentations are part of the DRIVE (Distributor’s Resource for Instructive Visual Education) series of programs:
• General Maintenance for VOS2-66A Rollers
• VOS 66A series
• The Load Runner ML40
• CET8001 Customer Crane Maintenance.
The Galion Historical Society of Galion, Ohio also has large holdings of Galion Iron Works materials.
Mr. Douglas Osborne, 980 Bucyrus Road, Galion, OH 44833, was the informal historian of Galion Iron Works until his retirement.