By Thomas Berry
Creator: P & H (1884-)
Extent: 0.15 Linear Feet
Arrangement: Group 1, Machinery Records, is arranged by record format, record type, subseries, machine class, machine model, and publication date (where known).
This collection consists of sales and service literature discussing the company’s products, and periodicals and training materials published by the company.
The following records comprise a complete set of sales literature as of early 2000:
* 2800XPB loading shovel brochure, publication number XS-1291, 05/1998.
* 4100A loading shovel brochure, publication number X-1424, 09/1996.
* 4100XPB loading shovel brochure, publication number XS-1691, 07/1999.
* 5700XPA loading shovel brochure, publication number XS-1189, 05/1991.
* 9160 walking dragline brochure, publication number P-1364-1, 07/1998.
* 1550 and 2250 hydraulic shovel brochure, publication number XS-1244, 09/1992.
* 1550 hydraulic shovel brochure, publication number XS-1097, 06/1990.
* 2250A hydraulic shovel brochure, Reliability Redefined, publication number XS-1346, 05/1995.
* Optima Plus bucket and dipper brochure, publication number XS-1680, 07/1999.
* Optima 90 Plus dipper brochure, publication number XS-1589, 02/1999.
* Rotary drill brochure, publication number XS-1677, 06/1999.
The collection includes Volume 7 No. 1 (04/1986) through Volume 15 No. 1 (08/1994) of Perspectives in Mining and Perspectives in Productivity, with two special editions dated 08/1984 and 01/1985, and the new Mining Perspectives for Both Worlds, Volume 1 No. 1 through Volume 5 No. 1 (1999). Neither date range is complete.
P&H published a magazine for customers called Perspectives in Mining . Publication was irregular, ranging from approximately quarterly to biannual. Volume 7 No. 2 through Volume 8 No. 2 (08/1986 through 04/1987) were renamed Perspectives in Productivity; the name reverted to Perspectives in Mining with Volume 8 No. 3 (12/1987). In late 1994 or early 1995, the name was changed to Mining Perspectives for Both Worlds to reflect the merger of Harnischfeger and Joy Mining Machinery, and the volume and number series was restarted at Volume 1 No. 1. With the name change, half the magazine was devoted to Joy Mining Machinery, and the two halves of the magazine were printed upside-down to each other.
The HCEA collection spans Volume 7 No. 1 (04/1986) through Volume 15 No. 1 (08/1994), with two special editions dated 08/1984 and 01/1985, and the new Mining Perspectives for Both Worlds, Volume 1 No. 1 through Volume 5 No. 1 (1999). Neither date range is complete.
Pawling & Harnischfeger was founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1884. Its history is discussed at length in an article by Mark Dietz of Harnischfeger in Issue 57 of Equipment Echoes. Mr. Dietz submitted the following to clarify a question about P & H’s name changes:
"Alonzo Pawling began to experience failing health in 1910 and proposed to his business partner Henry Harnischfeger that their business partnership be transformed into a stock corporation. Under that new structure, the surviving partner would control all of the shares upon the death of the other. Alonzo's health problem remains unknown to this day, but he went to California in February 1911 - perhaps to enjoy the dry, sunny weather there, perhaps because he might have had a chronic lung ailment like tuberculosis. He returned in June 1911. His health continued to decline, and he died in May 1914.
"Soon after, Henry Harnischfeger arranged to re-name their business Harnischfeger Corporation while keeping the P & H trademark that had become synonymous with exceptional quality and service value in the hearts and minds of the firm's industrial customers. The first Harnischfeger Corporation annual reports in our archives date back to 1929. The firm was known as Pawling and Harnischfeger up until the end of fiscal year 1928.
"Henry Harnischfeger passed away in November 1930."
Mr. Dietz also submitted the following about a flat iron with the P & H logo cast into it:
"I honestly do not know if our P&H business was ever involved in making flat irons. Certainly, our founder Henry Harnischfeger never mentioned flat irons in his autobiography, but at the same time, his memoirs revealed that we were willing to build just about anything during the early years, including 1,000 gasoline engines for Jerome Increase Case, and grain-drying equipment for the brewing industry, and brick-making devices that cut elongated cubes out of clay prior to their being fired and hardened in ovens."
The company was not involved in transactions with other equipment manufacturers until it obtained rights to a traveling belt loader, believed to be the Sierra Loader designed and initially sold by Clark Welding Company (Collection 253), in the late 1950s or early 1960s. It is not believed to have lasted long in their catalog. P & H also produced stabilizers at about the same time; unlike their competitors, these machines were mounted on crawlers, and the line included what is believed to have been the largest such machines of their time. P & H sold the line to Buffalo-Springfield (Collection 202) in the early to mid 1960s, but they were discontinued before the Bomag era.
By 1988, P & H had discontinued its line of cable excavators for the construction industry, and it never pursued hydraulic backhoes and shovels with the zeal of some of its competitors. The only construction products left were the hydraulic cranes, and that line was sold to Century II Company, a firm founded by former Harnischfeger executives, in May 1988. The line was resold to PPM Cranes Inc. (Collection 1990); PPM, a French company, was founded in 1966, and its name is an acronym for Potain Poclain Materiél. Terex Cranes (Collection 532) bought PPM in 1995 in what was the first of the long line of acquisitions that has made Terex the world’s third largest construction equipment manufacturer today. In 1998, P & H sold its line of industrial and bridge cranes to Morris Material Handling. Century II, PPM and Morris used the P & H trademark under license for sake of its familiarity, and today Terex continues to use the PPM brand while Morris continues to use the P & H name.
Having exited the construction equipment industry, Harnischfeger concentrated on expanding its product line for the mining industry. It added walking draglines to its product line for the first time by purchasing Page Engineering Company (Collection 1152) in 1988, and the Gardner-Denver Company (Collection 402) rotary drill line was purchased in 1991 and incorporated into the P & H Mining Equipment business unit. In 1994, the Joy Technologies (formerly Joy Manufacturing Company, Collection 879) line of underground mining machinery was added as a separate business unit from P & H Mining Equipment under the ownership of Harnischfeger Industries, Inc.
On May 16, 2011, Joy Global Inc. (Collection 879) announced that it was acquiring 100% ownership interest in LeTourneau Technologies (Collection 460) from Rowan Companies, Inc. The oil drilling lines were spun off as LeTourneau Technologies Drilling Systems Inc., and the mining equipment line was added to that of P & H Mining (Collection 414), which Joy also owns. As of December 2011, the log stacker line was also retained by Joy, with all production, sales and support through the former LeTourneau plant in Portland, Oregon.
Access Restrictions: Some records in Group 1 Series 1 Subseries 1 are in poor physical condition.
This is an artificial collection comprised of records from multiple accessions. Initial records in this collection were found in files. Additional records have been added from:
* William Borthwick Papers, Collection 4
* Mark Dietz, P & H Mining, various accessions
* Scott Tucker, Syracuse Equipment, Accession 1999-0115 (received October 13, 1999)
* Smith Equipment Company Collection, courtesy of Dick and Shirley Smith, accession 2000-0108 (received Sep 11, 2000)
* Judd Griffith Collection, Accession 2000-0113 (received Sep 22, 2000)
* Columbus Equipment Company, Accession 2004-0088 (received Jun 21, 2004)
* Gene Buchanan, Accession 2004-0183 (received Dec 22, 2004)
* Donald W. Frantz Collection, Accession 2005-0150 (received Dec 31, 2005)
* John Hubble, Accession 2006-0103 (received Sep 20, 2006)
* M. P. McCaffrey Collection, Accession 2007-0039 (received May 3, 2007)
* George Thelen Papers, Accession 2007-0049 (received May 25, 2007)
* Gary E. Hansen, Accession 2007-0090 (received Dec 7, 2007)
* Michigan Operating Engineers Apprenticeship, Accession 2009-0102 (received Aug 16, 2009)
* Gene Myers, accession 2010-0166 (received Jan 10, 2011)
* Dave Brainard, Accession 2010-0252 (received Mar 14, 2011)
* Terex USA LLC, Accession 2011-0090 (received Jul 26, 2011)
* Bernard Ross, Exponent Failure Analysis Associates, Accession 2011-0252 (received Dec 20, 2011)